Version: v11.0.0

Client-Only Data

Client-Only Data (Client Schema Extensions)#

Relay provides the ability to extend the GraphQL schema on the client (i.e. in the browser), via client schema extensions, in order to model data that only needs to be created, read and updated on the client. This can be useful to add small pieces of information to data that is fetched from the server, or to entirely model client-specific state to be stored and managed by Relay.

Client schema extensions allows you to modify existing types on the schema (e.g. by adding new fields to a type), or to create entirely new types that only exist in the client.

Extending Existing Types#

In order to extend an existing type, add a .graphql file to your appropriate source (--src) directory:

extend type Comment {
is_new_comment: Boolean
  • In this example, we're using the extend keyword to extend an existing type, and we're adding a new field, is_new_comment to the existing Comment type, which we will be able to read in our components, and update when necessary using normal Relay APIs; you might imagine that we might use this field to render a different visual treatment for a comment if it's new, and we might set it when creating a new comment.

Adding New Types#

You can define types using the same regular GraphQL syntax, by defining it inside a .graphql file in html/js/relay/schema/:

# You can define more than one type in a single file
enum FetchStatus {
type FetchState {
# You can reuse client types to define other types
status: FetchStatus
# You can also reference regular server types
started_by: User!
extend type Item {
# You can extend server types with client-only types
fetch_state: FetchState
  • In this contrived example, we're defining 2 new client-only types, and enum and a regular type. Note that they can reference themselves as normal, and reference regular server defined types. Also note that we can extend server types and add fields that are of our client-only types.
  • As mentioned previously, we will be able to read and update this data normally via Relay APIs.

Reading Client-Only Data#

We can read client-only data be selecting it inside fragments or queries as normal:

const data = *useFragment*(
fragment CommentComponent_comment on Comment {
# We can select client-only fields as we would any other field
body {

Updating Client-Only Data#

In order to update client-only data, you can do so regularly inside mutation or subscription updaters, or by using our primitives for doing local updates to the store.

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Last updated on by Andrey Lunyov