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Version: v12.0.0

GraphQL Directives

Relay uses directives to add additional information to GraphQL documents, which are used by the Relay compiler to generate the appropriate runtime artifacts. These directives only appear in your application code and are removed from requests sent to your GraphQL server.

Note: The Relay compiler will maintain any directives supported by your server (such as @include or @skip) so they remain part of the request to the GraphQL server and won't alter generated runtime artifacts.


@arguments is a directive used to pass arguments to a fragment that was defined using @argumentDefinitions. For example:

query TodoListQuery($userID: ID) {
...TodoList_list @arguments(count: $count, userID: $userID) # Pass arguments here


@argumentDefinitions is a directive used to specify arguments taken by a fragment. For example:

fragment TodoList_list on TodoList @argumentDefinitions(
count: {type: "Int", defaultValue: 10}, # Optional argument
userID: {type: "ID"}, # Required argument
) {
todoItems(userID: $userID, first: $count) { # Use fragment arguments here as variables

@connection(key: String!, filters: [String])

With usePaginationFragment, Relay expects connection fields to be annotated with a @connection directive. For more detailed information and an example, check out the docs on usePaginationFragment.

@refetchable(queryName: String!)

With useRefetchableFragment and usePaginationFragment, Relay expects a @refetchable directive. The @refetchable directive can only be added to fragments that are "refetchable", that is, on fragments that are declared on Viewer or Query types, or on a type that implements Node (i.e. a type that has an id). The @refetchable directive will autogenerate a query with the specified queryName. This will also generate Flow types for the query, available to import from the generated file: <queryName>.graphql.js. For more detailed information and examples, check out the docs on useRefetchableFragment or usePaginationFragment.

@relay(plural: Boolean)

When defining a fragment for use with a Fragment container, you can use the @relay(plural: true) directive to indicate that container expects the prop for that fragment to be a list of items instead of a single item. A query or parent that spreads a @relay(plural: true) fragment should do so within a plural field (ie a field backed by a GraphQL list. For example:

// Plural fragment definition
fragment TodoItems_items on TodoItem @relay(plural: true) {

// Plural fragment usage: note the parent type is a list of items (`TodoItem[]`)
fragment TodoApp_app on App {
items {
// parent type is a list here


The hooks APIs that Relay exposes allow you to read data from the store only during the render phase. In order to read data from outside of the render phase (or from outside of React), Relay exposes the @inline directive. The data from a fragment annotated with @inline can be read using readInlineData.

In the example below, the function processItemData is called from a React component. It requires an item object with a specific set of fields. All React components that use this function should spread the processItemData_item fragment to ensure all of the correct item data is loaded for this function.

import {graphql, readInlineData} from 'react-relay';

// non-React function called from React
function processItemData(itemRef) {
const item = readInlineData(graphql`
fragment processItemData_item on Item @inline {
creator {
`, itemRef);
title: item.title,
price: item.price,
export default function MyComponent({item}) {
function handleClick() {

const data = useFragment(
fragment MyComponent_item on Item {

return (
<button onClick={handleClick}>Process {item.title}</button>

@relay(mask: Boolean)

It is not recommended to use @relay(mask: false). Please instead consider using the @inline fragment.

@relay(mask: false) can be used to prevent data masking; when including a fragment and annotating it with @relay(mask: false), its data will be available directly to the parent instead of being masked for a different container.

Applied to a fragment definition, @relay(mask: false) changes the generated Flow types to be better usable when the fragment is included with the same directive. The Flow types will no longer be exact objects and no longer contain internal marker fields.

This may be helpful to reduce redundant fragments when dealing with nested or recursive data within a single Component.

Keep in mind that it is typically considered an anti-pattern to create a single fragment shared across many containers. Abusing this directive could result in over-fetching in your application.

In the example below, the user prop will include the data for id and name fields wherever ...Component_internUser is included, instead of Relay's normal behavior to mask those fields:

fragment Component_internUser on InternUser @relay(mask: false) {

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